Uroplatus fimbriatus At 10-12 inches total length it was once considered the largest in the Uroplatus genus. In 2006 a new species from Northern Madagascar Uroplatus giganteus was split out from Uroplatus fimbriatus. Uroplatus giganteus is typically an inch to two inches longer in total length and has whitish silver eyes while Uroplatus fimbriatus typically have yellowish eyes. Their eyes are a little over 300 x as sensitive to light as a humans. They have the largest distribution in the genus covering a large tract going up most of the Eastern side of Madagascar in tropical rain forests.
Phelsuma robertmertensi (Merten's day gecko) From the Comoro Islands. A beautiful species that is sexually dimorphic with males being considerably larger and more color full. They live primarily on palm trees. Very prolific and reaches maturity in under a year.
A word about Madagascar. It is quickly loosing it's forests and resources. It's just over a thousand miles long with a population just over 21 million people and growing. If you choose these species I strongly urge you to reproduce them and keep track of your blood lines. Some of these amazing species will unfortunately be extinct with in our life time.
Paroedura picta These are easily bred and hardy and by far the most represented member of Paroedura in captivity. There is a naturally occurring striped and non striped form. Theses have several populations to the south and at least one in the west of Madagascar. They are found mostly in leaf litter but are occasionally found climbing in scrub bushes. Caution should be taken with breeding females as they will burn themselves out from laying if not given a lengthy annual separation from the male and heavy Calcium supplementation.
Phelsuma laticauda (Gold dust day gecko) These occur in the north west coast of Madagascar in stable tropical environments. Highly adaptive and often found in farming crops. Can reach breeding size in under a year and prolific.
Phelsuma standingi (Standing's day gecko) Another large Phelsuma reaching 8-10 inches in total length. There is both a banded and reticulated form of these. They are from the hot and dry south west corner of Madagascar where they live in thorny scrub and jagged rocky outcrops. The lowest watt mercury vapor bulbs work great for these tough skinned sun loving geckos. One advantage to this species is that the babies can be hatched in the terrarium and the parents will leave them alone until they start to reach maturity.
Uroplatus henkeli (Henkel's leaf tailed gecko) This is a larger species of Uroplatus attaining a total length of about 10 inches. They are variable but sexually dimorphic. At birth the males typically have a striated pattern on their head back and tail going from the snout towards the end of the tail while the females typically are born with a black bar at the top base of there skull and have more of a banded around the body pattern. These appreciate a warmer environment than most leaf tails. I keep mine in the high 70s- low 80s with a hot spot in the high 80s and on occasion they do bask. High humidity and a well ventilate cage is optimal for all Uroplatus. Uroplatus henkeli do have interesting dentition in that they have the highest tooth count of any living vertebrate numbering around 300. These have large well calcified eggs therefore should be supplemented heavily with calcium and I use 5% UVB bulbs with them. Dubia or other large roaches should be at least 50% of their diet.
Ebenavia inunguis From mainland Northern and Eastern Madagascar, Nosy Boraha, Nosy Be, Nosy Mangabe, Mauritius islands, Comoros islands, Pemba, and introduced to Tanzania. These live under bark and in cavities as well as in arboreal plants.
Paroedura cf bastardi These came into an importer as Paroedura bastardi. The scalation and pattern are pretty distinct and different from normal Paroedura bastardi and Paroedura af bastardi. Unfortunately the collection location is unknown. I tried them out in a warmer room to start and they did not respond well so I switched them in a cooler room. low to mid 70s day mid to high 60s night and they are doing really well now. I assume these are a higher elevation species based on the preferred temps.
Phelsuma klemmeri (Neon Day gecko) Easily one of the most color full Phelsuma from tropical north west Madagascar where it has stable year round temps of 80-86 during the day and mild night time drops. They primarily occur on bamboo and smaller diameter trees. A prolific species with 6-8 clutches per year. Several advantages to this species is unlike many species of the Phelsuma species these can be kept in 1.2 and 1.3 groups. The parents typically leave the babies alone which should be removed before reaching sexual maturity. They take 10- 11 months to reach breeding size. The one in the above picture is a baby. Adults reach four inches in total length.
Paroedura stumpfii There are about a half a dozen populations to the north and north west of Madagascar. They occur in low elevation humid deciduous forests as well as having adapted well to plantations. Typically quite shy during the day and active climbers by night.
Geckolepis typica Fish scaled gecko These come from the north western and south western regions and live in thickets and deciduous forests. Fast and agile these have evolved large scales that rip off easily and regenerate fairly quickly to avoid predation when grabbed.
Phelsuma grandis (Giant Madagascar day gecko) As the common name eludes this is one of the largest species of Phelsuma attaining a total length of 10 inches with some rare individuals reaching a foot. Can live up to 20 years in captivity and some have bred for over a decade. I would highly recommend 10% UVB for all Phelsuma.
Matoatoa brevipes From coastal South Western Madagascar they come from dry spiny scrub forests. Very salamander like in appearance. The areas they live in are under threat for slash and burns agriculture and harvesting of specific trees for charcoal production.
Uroplatus phantasticus Found inland of the West coast at higher elevations. They are typicall found from 5' up or lower in shrubs. This is a smaller cooler temp species of Uroplatus that I do not recommend for beginners. Day temps in the mid 70s and night temps in the high 60s to low 70s are ideal with 5.0 UVB. I do spray 2 x a day and let it dry out a little in between. If you keep them overly humid all the time they will have shedding problems. babies are very delicate.
Phelsuma abbotti chekei (Abbott's day gecko) These come from the Sechelles off of the North East coast of Madagascar. They come from a stable environment of the mid 70s-low 80s.
Uroplatus sikorae (Mossy leaf tail gecko) A very cryptic species with some specimens having beautiful lichenous mossy patterns. A mid sized Uroplatus that average 5-7 inches. These like it a little cooler. Don't allow their temps to get above 80 and preferably in the mid 70s day time and low 70s- high 60s night. They require no hot spot. I give these 5% UVB bulbs and heavy calcium supplements. There use to be two subspecies in this genus. A recent change has made them two full species. Uroplatus sikorae and Uroplatus sameiti. These can easily be identified by gently opening the mouth. Uroplatus sikorae has a black color to the inside of it's throat while Uroplatus sameiti has a pink color inside to it's throat. Babies are small and somewhat fragile.