1.0.0 = Male
0.1.0 = Female
0.0.1 = Unsexed neonate
1.3.9 Would denote 1 male, 3 females, and 9 unsexed neonates.
♂ = Male ♀ = Female
Scientific names explained
Genus species sub species
Nephrurus wheeleri cinctus
N. w. cinctus
When the genus has changed sometimes it is denoted as
Nephrurus (Underwoodisaurus) milii
The genus that is in parenthesis is the one that has been changed. The one to the left of it is the current one being used. This is usually used when a change is recent and not yet well known.
When a genus is referred to as monotypic it means there is only one species assigned to it. Monotypic means only one of.
The plural form of genus is genera.
Morph = A physically different looking member of the same species or sub species.
Hybrid = Offspring produced from two different species or sub species in rarer cases hybrids can also occur from two different genera.
Sexually dimorphic = Members of the opposite sex that are visually unique from each other.
Sexually dichromatic = Members of the opposite sex that are distinguished by color differences.
TL = Total length Which means the measurement from the tip of the snout strait to the end of the tail.
SVL = Snout vent length which means the measurement from the tip of the snout to the vent or cloaca just before where the tail begins.
Cranial = Head
Dorsal = Top side
Lateral = Side
Medial = Center
Ventral = Under side
Caudal = Tail
Proximal = Near
Distal = Far
Caudal Autotomy = Loss of the tail
Ecdysis = Shedding of the skin.
Lamellae = Lamellae (fine plates) on the undersides of the toes. Each lamella is made up of brush like setae. The tips of each seta divide hundreds of times into tiny spatulae (spoon-shaped strands) which allows many species of geckos and anoles to cling to vertical surfaces.
Neonate = Baby
Juvenile = Young animal that is typically to young to sex.
Sub Adult = Old enough to be sexed but not full grown yet.
Adult = Mature animal capable of reproducing or being past the reproductive stage.
Ectotherm = A species that needs to attain heat from a external source to function.
Thermoregulate = The action of using a external heat source to function.
UV = Ultra violet light which is composed of UVC, UVB, and UVA.
UVC = Wave lengths of 200- 260 nanometers (nm) and is harmful to the epidermis and cornea.
UVB = Wave lengths of 260- 320 nm and is needed in most diurnal reptiles to process vitamin D3 which in turn helps them metabolize Calcium preventing MBD or metabolic bone disease.
UVA = Wave lengths of 320- 400 nm which does seam to help with vision in some reptiles.
Wave lengths of 400- 750 nm is the spectrum we see in.
Photo period = The amount of time exposed to light and dark per day.
Cycling = This is crucial in long term success of breeding most species. It typically involves a one to three month period of cooler temps, shorter hours of light in a day, sometimes separating males, and sometimes altering humidity levels as well.
Basking or Hot spot = The warmer area in an enclosure that the inhabitant thermoregulates at.
Cool end = The opposite side of the enclosure from the basking or hot spot that has a lower temperature.
Thermal gradient = The area between that basking spot and the cool end required by most reptiles.
Ambient temperature = The temperature with in a given area.
Diurnal = Day active.
Crepuscular = Active dusk and or dawn.
Nocturnal = Night active.
Aestivation = A period of inactivity during heat.
Brumation = A period of inactivity during cold.
Hibernation = A period of inactivity were the metabolism slows considerably and the animal becomes inactive usually for a entire season.
CB = Captive bred. Bred and produced in captivity. Typically the highest quality animals.
CR = Captive ranched. Typically bred in the origin of the species and then exported.
WC = Wild caught. Collected from the wild.
Field collected = Collected from the wild.
TSD = Temperature dependent sex determination. A phenomenon with crocodilians, turtles/tortoises, and most lizards were the gender of the offspring is determined by the temperature they are incubated at. This has also been recently documented with a species of frog Theloderma corticale the Vietnamese Mossy Frog where cold temperatures produce females.
GSD = Genetic sex determination. A phenomenon with snakes and most amphibians, and some lizards where the sex of the offspring is determined by the parents genetics.
Parthenogenetic = Reproduction without the fertilisation of a male.
Oviparous = Lays eggs.
Ovoviviparous = Eggs develop in the females and she gives birth to live offspring.
Viviparous = Offspring develop in the female and she gives live birth to them.
Clutch = A group of eggs laid by a female.
Litter = A group of live offspring given by a female.
Insectivore = A species that consumes insects.
Carnivore = A species that consumes Flesh.
Omnivore = A species that consumes animal and plant matter.
Herbivore = A species that consumes plant matter.
Frugivore = A species that consumes fruit.
Poison = Something toxic that is consumed.
Venom = Something toxic that is injected.
This section of the website is designed help people starting in the hobby to achieve a more extensive base of knowledge. Also feel free to refer back to it as a reference as it is a permanent part of this site.